Halloween at Undas

I was reading Kengkay’s blog this morning. I was inspired by her kwento of the very cultural aspect of undas. Pareho lang ba ang Halloween at Undas? Ang Halloween ba ay celebration lang mayayaman ng All Soul’s Day samantalang ang Undas ba ay ang poor man’s version nito? Alam kong hindi, naalala ko pa sa aking history na ang Undas ay isang Kristyanong practice samantalang ang Halloween traces its roots to a Celtic celebration that precedes even the birth of Christianity. Nagkataong halos sabay lang sila sine-celebrate and in one way or the other the two celebrations soon merged. Being a partial historian and an incomplete sociologist (kulang ako ng isang semester sa double major kong history and sociology hehehe), nagpasya akong magbasa ng history ng Halloween at Undas.

 

The celebration of Halloween originated from the Celtic people (hindi po ito sa Boston at wala pong kinalaman si Larry Bird) who lived in what is the present day Ireland (ang kinaroroonan ni Pareng Kiko Matsing at kanyang pamilya), United Kingdom and some parts of present day France some 2,000 years ago. Actually this is their version of the New Year’s Day Celebration (November 1) which marks the end of summer and the beginning of winter. This period, the Celts believed, blurs the division between the world of the living and that of the dead. On the evening of October 31, they believed that the spirits of the dead return to the land of the living. They call this celebration Samhain and they believed that this mingling of the living and the spirits of the dead makes its easier for their priests (called the Druids) to make predictions of the future. Sa celebration na ito nagsimula ang practice ng pagsusuot ng mga costumes that is still being practiced by our kids kapag nagtrick or treat.

 

When the Romans conquered the Celtic territory sometime in 43 AD, the Samhain festival was merged with 2 Roman Festivals – the Feralia (which is the celebration of the passing of the dead) and the day honoring Pomona (Goddess of fruits and trees). By the 800’s, with the domination of Christianity over the Roman Empire which still occupied the Celtic territories, Pope Boniface IV declared November 1 as the All Saint’s Day – which was also knonw as All Hallows Day. It was only in the year 1000 AD that November 2 was declared All Saints Day.

 

Ayan base sa aking pagsasaliksik, All Saints/Souls Day is a Christianized festival that has 2 origins – the Samhain of te Celtic people and the Feralia of the Romans. ths is a perfect example of the blending of cultures and religious practices. Ang Undas naman ay ang Filipinized version of All Saints/Souls Day na minana natin sa mga Espanyol at hinaluan na rin ng animist practices ng mga ninuno ng mga Pinoys.

 

Happy Halloween sa lahat!

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12 Tugon

  1. Uy salamat sa infos. Dito pala nagsimula ang halloween, kaya pala parang New Year dito kagabi sa dami ng putukan at fireworks! Sobrang busy rin ng mga bumbero kagabi dahil sa tradition dito na nagbo-bonfire ang mga kabataan sa labas.
    Meron ding parade ng mga naka-halloween costumes kagabi dito malapit sa amin, di nga lang kami nanood dahil hinintay na namin dito sa bahay ang mga nangangaluluwa( trick or treat! Haha!)

    *****yung bonfire talaa ay kasama sa traditn nila sa Samhain pati yung masks. New year nga yan talaga nung sinauna sa Ireland*****

  2. saludo ako sa iyong pagsasaliksik… ang galing galing….

    *****wag ka masyado bumilib Ann Google lang yan hehehe muah! happy halloween po*****

  3. First you made me smile when you mentioned Larry Bird. That was funny.

    The way Halloween is celebrated these days people tend to attribute it to the US. I suppose you’re right – Halloween is a bit more paganistic, whereas All Saint’s Day and All Souls’ Day are more Christian.

    I miss the way we used to celebrate these feasts in Manila. We made offerings to the dead and said the rosary. In a way, I’m convinced it’s a dying tradition. But there is no reason we can’t keep it going.

    joy
    Your Love Coach
    The Goddess In You

    *****hehehe aba nasa UK ka pala Coach Joy hhehehe at kapiling ang mga kaapuhan ng mga Celts. Nagbabago talaga ang mga tradisyon. Ang tanging wish ko lang magbago man ang mga practices natin sana di nawawa ang spirit at ang meaning ng ating mga traditions which in this case is remembering, honoring and celebrating the lives of our loved ones who went ahead of us.*****

  4. nalilito ako dyan sa “All Saints’ Day” at “All Souls’ Day”… all along ang alam ko “All Saints’ Day” ay Nov 1, at “All Souls’ Day” ay Nov 2… 🙄 tama ba ako? …or the two are one and the same thing? tinignan ko sa kalendaryo… wala! (ganun din ba sa kalendaryo nyo?) 30th lang ang entry for November sa mga Pinoy holidays. samakatuwid, hindi talaga natin “holiday” ang alinman sa dalawa? undas na nga lang, mas malinaw pang iyon na yun…

    *****Tama po na All Saints Day ang Nov. 1 at All Soul’s Day ang November 2. Magkasunod at magkahiwalay na pista ang 2 sa Catholic tradition as Nov. 1 is dedicated to all those who are recognized as saints of the Catholic Church samantalang ang Nove,ber 2 ay dedicated sa lahat ng mga kaluluwa. In the Pinoy tradition di tayo nagbibigay ng distinction actually as yung buong 2 araw (Nov. 1 & 2) ay ang tinuturing nating UNDAS (sa mga Bisaya Kalag-kalag; literally meaning kaluluwa). Magkakaiba kasi ang mga kalendaryo eh kung hawak mo ay kalendaryo na Catholic lahat ng kapistahan ng simbahan ay nakapula. May mga kaledaryo din na ang nakalagay lang na holidays ay yung government declared holidays at yung ia high-tide and low-tide lang ang nakalagay hehehe.*****

  5. haaay salamat! na-gets ko rin nang malinaw at buong detalyado — may Bisaya translation pa… thanks, p’re!

  6. hehehe at talaga daw nagsaliksik pa, sabagay ganyan naman talaga ang mga sosyolohista e kailangan may basehan lahat ng sinasabi 🙂

    sociology din major ko dati, minor in philosophy pero di ko natapos 😦 saka di ako madalas pumasok lol mas malaki kasi yung eskwelahan kong naghihintay noon e 🙂 ….ang lansangang sangandaan.

  7. Panyero, ako ang teorya ko, December 2 talaga ang UNDAS! Nasa kanta yun, di ba? “Undas second day op Krismas…” e di Dec 2 nga! 🙂

  8. Hey people, Hey! How are you? Happy late Halloween! 😀

  9. I’m often looking for recent posts in the world wide web about this theme. Thankz!!

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